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What is Ringworm (Alopecia Areata)?

Ringworm, whose medical name is alopecia areata, is a disease that occurs as a result of sudden hair loss. This condition, which occurs in areas such as hair, eyebrows, eyelashes, eyelashes and beards, results in hair loss in a short time. Ringworm (alopecia areata) can be easily recognized when it occurs on the scalp. This disease, which takes a round or oval shape, may disappear within a certain period of time. While hair is expected to grow back in balding areas, there is also a risk of new lesions developing. Therefore, it may be necessary to carefully monitor the condition in the area. 

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Who Gets Ringworm (Alopecia Areata)?

Ringworm can be seen in everyone regardless of gender. This condition, which occurs in people of all ages, is generally more common in individuals younger than 40 years of age. When looking at the people affected by ringworm, the fact that at least 70 out of 100 people are younger than 40 strengthens this statistic. Ringworm, which affects men and women equally, is more common in men. Ringworm (alopecia areata) also has a genetic predisposition. Therefore, it may be more common in people with a family history of ringworm. 

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What Causes Ringworm (Alopecia Areata)?

Ringworm can have more than one cause. Therefore, there is no clear answer to the question “what causes ringworm (alopecia areata)?”. Generally, immune-related problems called autoimmune cause ringworm. Autoimmune occurs when the body recognizes its own cells and tissues as foreign. 

People who have problems in the immune system experience attacks on their own cells. Ringworm, one of these attacks, affects the hair follicles, preventing hair growth and causing hair loss. 

Ringworm, which is also affected by genetic factors, can also be seen in the relatives of people with this disease. In fact, the risk of occurrence in these people is 3 to 6 times higher. This condition, which also supports the effect of genetic factors; eczema, psoriasis, hay fever, lupus, vitiligo, atopic allergic asthma, addison’s disease chronic inflammatory thyroid disease can bring along diseases such as.

How to Treat Ringworm (Alopecia Areata)? 

Ringworm treatment should be performed by a specialist doctor. The treatment process, which is usually planned by a dermatologist, should be carried out carefully and meticulously. The first priority in the treatment of ringworm is to prevent the progression of the disease and reduce the impact of symptoms. This also depends on the degree of ringworm. If the patient’s discomfort is mild, no treatment may be needed. In addition, the hair that has fallen out in the area grows back on its own. 

Patients with more advanced conditions may be advised to use steroid medications. While cream-based medications are applied first, they can be injected into the patient’s scalp in the later stages. It should be known that especially the drugs applied around the eyes require a separate sensitivity. 

Ringworm can be treated not only with steroid medications, but also with different methods called immunotherapy. In order to find the best solution for the patient’s health condition, it is important to make sure that the right doctor is chosen. If the patient’s hair loss has reached serious levels due to alopecia areata, he/she may need to resort to hair transplant surgery.

SSS (Sıkça Sorulan Sorular)

Ringworm is an autoimmune disease caused by the immune system targeting its own hair follicles. The body recognizes the hair follicles as a foreign substance and attacks them. This weakens the hair follicles and hair loss occurs.

Ringworm is usually characterized by round or oval shaped balding patches. These spots are usually found on the scalp, but can also appear on other parts of the body. Hair loss is usually sudden and rapid. Symptoms such as itching or burning may also occur.

Ringworm is usually a temporary condition and hair can grow back over time. However, in some cases, hair loss can be permanent or recur. Treatment and adherence to the health professional’s recommendations can affect the course of ringworm.

Ringworm is usually diagnosed by clinical examination and taking a medical history. In some cases, the doctor may take a sample of hair follicles and examine them under a microscope or order additional tests such as blood tests.

Treatment for ringworm varies depending on the person’s condition and the severity of their symptoms. Treatment options may include corticosteroid creams or lotions, corticosteroid injections, immunotherapy, light therapy and oral medications. The treatment plan is usually determined by a dermatologist.

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About the Author: Dr. Eren Demir crop
Eren Demir was born in Izmir in 1989. In 2014, he graduated from Celal Bayar University Faculty of Medicine. He completed his doctorate and medical speciality training in the field of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation at Health Sciences University Haseki Training and Research Hospital. During the autumn and spring semesters of 2020-2021, he gave trainings on Basic Anaesthesia and Clinical Anaesthesia to many students as an academician at Gedik University. Specialist Doctor Eren Demir has many articles published in international refereed journals in his field. He is a member of the Turkish Society of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation. Eren Demir, who worked as a specialist doctor in various hospitals, worked as the responsible physician of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation Clinic in Avcılar Murat Kölük State Hospital affiliated to the Ministry of Health for many years. Eren Demir, who has been working in the fields of hair transplantation and aesthetics for many years, continues his valuable work as a Specialist Doctor at Hair Center of Turkey Hair Transplant Clinic.
07/05/2024Hair Loss
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