Although it varies periodically with factors such as age and season in women, daily hair loss of around 50-100 hair strands is normal and gives information about the health of the person. Because these lost hairs are replaced by thicker and healthier hair over time. Considering that there are approximately 100 thousand hairs on the scalp, the shedding rate is quite reasonable. Hair grows 6 inches a year in most people. However, sometimes this situation does not progress normally. The fact that the hair is falling out by 70-100 strands and this has been going on for a long time indicates a pathological problem. Women resort to natural methods, various care serums, and medication supplements for this problem. However, these methods do not bring back the lost hair. It only protects the existing hair. They resort to operations such as hair transplantation and stem cell for hair loss.
Types of Hair Loss in Women
There are three types of hair loss;
Anagen Effluvium: It is usually seen after conditions that damage hair follicles such as chemotherapy.
Telogen Effluvium: It is a type of hair loss that occurs with the loss of hair at the telogen level and the increase of hair at the catagen level due to abnormal hair cycle.
Androgenetic Alopecia: It is the most common type of hair loss in women. It is similar to male pattern hair loss. Androgenetic alopecia starts at a later age in women than in men. The reason why androgenetic alopecia is seen is due to the male hormone called androgen, which is found in small amounts in the female body. While a large percentage of men’s hair loss is due to genetic reasons, this rate is 20% in women. Family history may underlie the cause of hair loss.
Types of Hair Loss in Women;
In women, hair strands become thinner, but it is unlikely to be completely bald.
Thinning is seen around the head with thinning hair strands.
Skin opening occurs at the top and top of the scalp.
Expansion occurs around the hair. The front hairline remains in place.
How common is hair loss in women?
Most people think that hair loss only affects men. However, more than 50% of women experience hair loss. The most important cause of hair loss in women is female pattern hair loss, which affects 1 in 3 women. This indicates a very large number.
What are the Symptoms of Hair Loss in Women?
Hair loss is a natural process that takes place in the hair follicles. Hair loss in a day is around 70-100 strands on average. However, if you see hair loss every day on your pillow, in your bathroom, on the floor, and when you comb, you may have symptoms of hair loss. Other symptoms of hair loss can be listed as follows:
Seeing noticeably thin or missing patches of hair, including an expanding section on the top of your head,
To see hair falling out,
Having smaller ponytails or braids.
How Does a Healthcare Provider Diagnose Hair Loss?
Tests to diagnose hair loss in women can be simple or more complicated. These can be listed as follows:
Gently pull your hair to see how many hairs you have,
Have a blood test. Blood tests can show your levels of vitamins and minerals such as vitamin D, B vitamins, zinc, and iron, as well as thyroid hormone levels.
Have a trichoscopy and scalp examination with a microscope,
By having a scalp biopsy, which involves removing and examining a small piece of skin from your scalp, you can see if you have serious hair loss on your scalp that needs to be treated.
What Questions Can Your Doctor Ask to Detect Hair Loss?
Your doctor may ask questions about your habits to detect hair loss:
What kind of products do you use on your hair?
What kind of hairstyles do you use on your hair?
How is your diet? Protein is an important factor for hair growth.
Do you have the habit of pulling your hair?
Your doctor may ask questions about past habits:
Do you have family members with hair loss?
What is the level of stress in your life?
What medicines or supplements do you take every day?
Have you had hair loss in your life before?
What foods do you consume in your diet?
In addition, your doctor may ask details about your hair?
How long has your hair been falling out?
Is your hair falling out more than usual?
Have you noticed hair loss on different parts of your body besides your scalp, such as your arms or legs?
Does anything make your hair loss worse?
Does anything make your hair loss better?
Do you notice your hair loss occasionally or does it happen all the time?
Have you noticed whether your hair growth has changed or not?
Who is More Prone to Hair Loss?
Every woman can experience hair loss. However, the group that is more likely to experience hair loss is as follows:
Women over 40 years of age,
Women who have just had a baby,
Women who have undergone chemotherapy or women affected by other heavy medications,
Women who wear their hair in hairstyles such as tight ponytails, and tight braids or use chemical ingredients in their hair,
In addition to these, factors such as stress, intense working life, and malnutrition conditions can also cause hair loss in women.
Other Causes of Hair Loss in Women;
Hair loss can be caused by genes passed down from parents. This can be passed on from parents or other close relatives.
Hair loss in women is generally seen in the 40s and 50s. However, psychological reasons such as stress trauma, traumatic styling styles (tight braid, tight bun from the top), and wrong and poor quality products used on the hair (hair conditioner, chemical dyes) can cause hair loss at an earlier age.
-Mineral and Vitamin Deficiency
Sometimes, even though people have a regular and adequate diet, they do not contain the vitamins and minerals that should be taken in their bodies. This causes hair loss. At this point, it is necessary to take supplements. Vitamin B12, D, folic acid, Omega 3, and Omega 6 deficiency cause hair loss.
Another cause of hair loss in women is hormone problems. Birth control pills, and hormone medications used for various diseases cause hair loss.
-Postpartum Period / Puerperium Period
Women’s hair does not fall out too much during pregnancy. This is because the increase in the amount of the hormone estrogen prolongs the hair growth cycle. After birth, this growth passes into the resting phase. In this process, intense hair loss is observed. After this shedding period lasting 1-6 months, the hair grows again and returns to its former volume.
-Stress and Irregular Nutrition / Shock diets
Another cause of hair loss is improper and inadequate diet. Fast food, fatty foods with carbohydrates, and lack of protein and fat ratio both damage body health and cause hair loss. Hair follicles are living cells and when they do not receive the vitamins they need, they dry and wear out. Diets that are low in protein or restricted in calories below a certain rate, which cause rapid weight loss called shock diets, also cause hair loss. In addition, stressful life in general also leads to serious hair loss.
During menopause, estrogen and progesterone levels drop in women, which means that the effect of the male hormones androgens increases. As a result, one of two things happens. Either hair that was not there before grows or hair loss occurs. During this period, serious thinning of the hair follicles can be seen.
Some skin diseases such as eczema, psoriasis, and lupus cause hair loss. After the treatment of the disease is over, the hair loss stops.
-Chronic Diseases and Medications
Medications used in the treatment of diseases such as diabetes, osteoporosis, blood pressure, heart chemotherapy, as well as birth control pills also cause hair loss.
-Use of Inner Bonnet
Especially the inner bonnets preferred by women wearing hijab and the tight binding of these bonnets are among the other factors that lead to hair loss over time.
Common misconceptions about hair loss
There is a lot of misinformation about hair loss today. However, most of this information is not true. The common misconceptions about hair loss can be listed as follows:
You are experiencing hair loss because you use too much shampoo, dye, or perm. / False.
Dandruff causes permanent hair loss in women. / False.
Stress causes permanent hair loss in women. / False.
If you shave your head, your hair will grow back thicker than when you grew it. / False.
If you stand on your head, blood flow increases and stimulates hair growth. / False.
If you brush your hair 100 times a day, your hair will be healthier./ False.
Hats and wigs cause hair loss in women. / False.
What are the Treatment Methods Used in Hair Loss?
Full and shiny hair is one of the most important elements that complement physical appearance as well as its importance in terms of health. Especially for women. Women suffering from hair loss also resort to some methods to find a solution to this problem. These are
One of the treatment methods for hair loss is medication. The most popular of these drugs today are Finasteride and Minoxidil. These drugs, approved by international health organizations, have been shown to prevent hair loss or grow new hair. However, these drugs also carry side effects. For example, Minoxidil is a drug that should never be stopped and should be used continuously. When the use of the drug is interrupted, hair loss begins to occur more intensely. Although Minoxidil and Finasteride drugs claim to stop hair loss, they can be difficult for patients, such as side effects and difficulty of use.
Doctors recommend biotin and vitamin B supplements to help prevent hair loss. Many foods naturally contain biotin. These are as follows;
Nuts or seeds,
Taking biotin can be an effective method against hair loss. However, it is recommended to take biotin together with vitamin C, zinc, and folic acid for the best effect.
One of the negative aspects of smoking is hair loss. Some toxic substances in cigarettes damage hair follicles. Smoking can also negatively affect hormones. Hormonal imbalance is one of the factors that cause hair loss. Studies on this subject have shown that smoking causes hair loss.
PRP Treatment 10ml or 2o ml of blood is taken from the person’s own blood and centrifuged. A plasma material rich in platelet and platelet cells is obtained and injected into the person. PRP treatment helps prevent hair loss and encourages new hair growth.
It is a method of injecting the vitamins necessary for hair growth with micro-needles. With the hair mesotherapy method, the necessary nutrients needed by the hair follicles are injected into the scalp. Thus, it helps to revitalize the hair.
Most of these methods are used to strengthen the existing hair. It is unlikely to regrow lost hair. There are various ways to regain lost hair. One of them is hair transplantation. Today, developing technological methods offer women the opportunity to undergo a hair transplant operation. According to research, women’s hair follicles are thicker than men’s and when the transplantation procedure is performed by a specialist doctor, the chance of success is 99%. DHI and Sapphire FUE hair transplantation methods are generally used in hair transplantation clinics in Turkey. Which hair transplantation technique will be applied is decided after expert control. While Follicular Unit Transfer (FUT) technique was preferred in the past, the DHI method is now preferred. In the DHI technique, hair follicles are taken one by one from the donor area and placed in the sparse or bald area. This method gives the chance to transplant more grafts. The Sapphire FUE method is a technique applied with a special and sharp-tipped pen made of sapphire. Hair Center of Turkey has successfully operated on more than 8 thousand patients for 9 years. You can see our female patients whose operations we have successfully performed on our website.
Hair loss of 50-100 strands per day is considered normal and healthy. Anemia, thyroid disorders, iron deficiency, vitamin B deficiency, stressful life may be underlying this rate, and continuous hair loss. Menopause and the postpartum period can trigger hair loss.
Foods containing vitamin C such as oranges and grapefruit, nuts such as walnuts and hazelnuts for vitamin E support, seafood in terms of zinc content, protein-based meats such as chicken, beans, carrots, garlic, onions, green vegetables such as arugula and spinach can be consumed to eliminate the iron deficiency.
If hair loss is not associated with any disease or medication use, eating a diet rich in vitamins and minerals, showering with warm water, choosing products according to hair type, massaging the scalp, and drinking plenty of water minimize hair loss.
This is an event that varies according to the situation. Hair regrowth depends on the vitality of the hair follicles. If the hair follicles maintain their vitality and have not lost their function, the hair grows again with operations such as hair transplantation. If the follicles have lost their function, hair cannot grow again even after years.
The cause of hair loss on the crown in women is androgenetic alopecia. As the name suggests, it is a condition that comes from genes. If people have baldness in their mother, father, or close relatives, it is likely to be transferred to them through genes.
Garlic is a very useful root plant for hair due to its properties. First of all, it contains anti-inflammatory. This makes the hair healthier as it has nourishing and revitalizing properties for the scalp. Again, the sulfur it contains gives shine to the hair. Protects hair from unwanted conditions such as fleas and lice. Accelerates blood flow in the scalp. Prevents oiliness by eliminating dandruff.
Daniel Willian was born in London in 1994. Willian, who was interested in writing from an early age, started writing articles for the school newspaper during his high school years. After graduating from the journalism department at university, Willian worked as a content editor in various media organisations. He is now working as a content editor at Hair Center of Turkey.