There are many cells in the human body that maintain vitality. Stem cells are cells that are found in every human body, can renew themselves, are transplanted when needed, and have the ability to treat the recipient areas. Unlike blood, muscle, and nerve cells, stem cells multiply. They are not specialized. In this way, they become a source for other cells. In other words, they can repair the damaged tissue in the recipient area by taking on the cell type needed. They are obtained from bone marrow and adipose tissue.
Thanks to advances in technology and medical science, many diseases such as lymphoma, bone marrow cancers are treated with stem cell transplant if appropriate conditions are provided.
Stem Cell Therapy and History
The first step for stem cell therapy in medicine was taken in 1939 with bone marrow transplant. However, it was not successful. In 1949, Jacobson and his colleagues achieved the first success in this field. Shinya Yamanaka and John B. Gordon shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine for their work on stem cells. New information about stem cells is emerging every day. Research on the benefits of stem cell therapy continues.
How Stem Cell Therapy is Applied
Peripheral, cartilage, cord blood, adipose tissues, fat tissues and bone marrow in the human body are stem cells. Fat tissues, cartilage, bone marrow are the most commonly used in transplant. For stem cell transplant, patients must meet the necessary health conditions. For this reason, family members are generally preferred. In the treatment phase, firstly, examinations related to the patient’s health condition are performed. If it is understood that the patient is suitable for stem cell therapy, the stem cells taken from the donor area for cell transplant are separated or multiplied under laboratory conditions and made suitable for transplant. The cells are then injected into the patient. The patient remains in hospital for a few weeks while waiting for the transplant to take effect.
Who is Suitable?
Stem cell hair transplant operation can be performed by anyone, regardless of gender. It is sufficient to have sufficient health conditions for the treatment and to have thinning hair or baldness. People who have no hair can be transplanted only if the cells under the skin are still alive.
Stem Cell Therapy in Hair Transplant
Since stem cells are not specialised and have the ability to regenerate themselves, they can adapt to the area where they are located and treat damaged tissues. This includes hair transplant. The first successful operation in hair transplant was carried out by Italian researchers in 2017. The application style of stem cell therapy in hair transplant operation is similar to the known traditional treatments FUE, Sapphire FUE and DHI. In all these methods, there is harvesting from the donor area and transplant to the area to be transplanted. For hair transplant with stem cells in hair transplant clinics in Turkey, firstly, the necessary tests are performed for the patient’s suitability. If the patient is suitable for the treatment, local anaesthesia is applied with the help of a medical needle, fat tissue rich in stem cells is removed from the donor area by liposuction. These stem cells are concentrated under sterile conditions. They are centrifuged. It is injected into the area to be transplanted. Pain is minimal due to local anaesthesia. In hair transplant with stem cells, the healing process takes 1 week and the desired result takes months.
Are PRP and Stem Cell the Same Thing in Hair Transplant?
(Platelet Rich Plasma) The essence of PRP and stem cells come from different places. PRP is a form of treatment performed by centrifuging the blood taken from the patient’s vein with the help of special and disposable kits and separating the platelets. The cleaned blood is injected back into the patient and is aimed to repair the damaged tissue. PRP strengthens people’s hair and restores its health and shine. It does not regrow hair in spilt or thinned areas. In stem cell, the fat tissues taken from the donor area of the patient are separated and multiplied and injected back into the recipient part of the patient and the hair loss is aimed to grow again. The common feature of both is the use of natural tissues taken from one’s own body for one’s own health.
Daniel Willian was born in London in 1994. Willian, who was interested in writing from an early age, started writing articles for the school newspaper during his high school years. After graduating from the journalism department at university, Willian worked as a content editor in various media organisations. He is now working as a content editor at Hair Center of Turkey.